What is IAS? How to TOP IAS Exam - Eligibility, Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Strategy, Preparation, Role Functions, Salary, Powers, Career Growth etc

What is IAS? How to TOP IAS Exam – Eligibility, Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Strategy, Preparation, Role Functions, Salary, Powers, Career Growth etc

What is IAS?

Founded in 1858 as Imperial Civil Service (ICS) and then later on 26th January 1950 changed to Indian Administrative Service (IAS – Bhāratīya Praśāsanika Sevā) is an administrative arm of the All India Services where the recruitment happens through Civil Services Examination. Often people call it the mother of all examinations in India. It is one of the toughest nationwide competitive examination in India and is considered to be the premier civil service of India.

The exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for the recruitment of officers to various cadre for the All India Administrative Civil Service.

IAS is a part of permanent bureaucracy in India along with Indian Police Service (IPS) and Indian Forest Service (IFS) and is an inseparable part of the executive of Government of India. It remains politically neutral and guarantees administrative continuity to the ruling party.

Being an IAS Officer.

An IAS officer can be employed by Union government, State governments and public-sector undertakings. An IAS officer gets to have exposure in diverse roles like The District Collector, Commissioner, Head of Public Sector Units, Cabinet Secretary, Chief Secretary etc. IAS officers can also represent Government of India at international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. When on deputation outside India, an IAS officer can be employed in intergovernmental organisations like the World Bank (WB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies.

How to become an IAS officer?

Even though the exam is popularly known as IAS exam but it is officially known as UPSC Civil Services Exam.

The UPSC CSE consists of 3 stages: –

  1. Prelims – A qualifying test which is usually advertised in Feb-March and held in June-July every year. Its results are later published in mid-August. Prelims consist of two objective-type papers (general studies and aptitude test)
  2. Mains – Held in October every year. Mains consists of nine papers of conventional (essay) type.
    And then
  3. Interview (Personality Test) – held in March each year. Final results are usually announced in May.

After this, the newly recruited IAS officer trainees are sent to Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand for 1 year training. There will be a 4 months foundation course in LBSNAA, after that there will be a long all-india educational tour called “Bharat Dam”. During this tour, the officer trainees get to visit various parts of the country and they also get to see how the army, navy and air force work.

Roles and Responsibilities of an IAS Officer

An IAS officer needs to carry out various roles which demands a great level of responsibility and perseverance. It is very important for an IAS officer to be both physically and mentally fit at all times in order to handle the immense work pressure which they may come under depending on circumstances.

The following are the major roles and responsibilities of an IAS officer:

  • Handling government affairs which involve framing and implementation of state/central govt policies in consultation with the concerned Minister.
  • Supervising/monitoring the implementation of policies and also travelling to those places where the policies are to be implemented.
  • Disbursal of funds via personal supervision for implementing policies.
  • Incase of any violation of rules while on duty, the IAS officer is only answerable to the Parliament and State Legislature.
  • The job functions and responsibilities of an IAS officer differs at different levels of their career.
  • On confirmation of service, the IAS officer shall join the state administration at the sub-divisional level and serve as Sub-Divisional Magistrate (also known as Additional District Magistrate or Sub-Collector). Here they have to look after law & order, general administration and development work happening in the area assigned to them.
  • After completion of probation period, the IAS officer is given administrative command role in a district as District Magistrate & District Collector & Deputy Commissioner. The tenure usually lasts for 15-16 years.
  • After the completion of tenure as District Magistrate & District Collector & Deputy Commissioner, the officer may be promoted to head a whole state division as Divisional Commissioner.
  • After this, the officer may be appointed in the State Secretariat or he/she may serve as Head of Department or in Public sector undertakings.
  • Through deputation, an officer may serve in different positions from State to Centre and vice versa.
  • At the centre, an IAS officer plays a key role in formulation and implementation of government policies related to various areas like finance, commerce, education etc. He may be posted as Joint Secretary or Deputy Secretary or Chief Secretary for carrying out these roles at the centre.
  • When on deputation outside India, an IAS officer can be employed in intergovernmental organisations like the World Bank (WB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies.
  • Career Path/Career Growth of an IAS officer and Salary details

    Once the IAS officer completes his 1 year training, he/she will then be sent to their cadre regions on probation for few years. There are 24 cadres like AGMUT, West Bengal, Kerala, UP, Rajasthan etc. The probation period lasts a minimum of 2 years upto a maximum of 4 years during which he/she needs to pass final examination inorder to get confirmed status in service.

    The newly recruited IAS officer (in Probation) will start off with Junior Time Scale salary structure. Its range is 15600 with Grade Pay of 5400. The starting basic will be 21000. Dearness Allowance (DA) will be 107% of basic. The officer will stay in this scale for 4 years. After competing probation and final examination, the junior officer will be posted as Sub-Divisional Officer/Magistrate.

    After completing 4 years, the IAS officer will get promoted to Senior Time scale with Grade Pay of 6600. The officer also gets 2 extra increments. He will be given the post of Additional District Magistrate/Sub-Collector, CEO, Zilla Parishad or Chief Development Officer.

    After serving 2-3 years as ADM, the officer is then selected as District Magistrate/District Collector of a district. The tenure usually lasts for 15-16 years. Instead of DM/DC the officer may be posted as a Joint Secretary of a ministry of the state. If the officer goes on central deputation then he is given the post of director of a department.

    After completing 9 years of service, an IAS officer will be promoted to Junior Administrative Grade with Grade Pay of 7600 in the scale of ₹15,600 – ₹39,100. He/She will also get 2 extra increments.

    After completing 12 years of service, an IAS officer will be promoted to Selection Grade with Grade Pay of 8700 in the scale of ₹37,400 – ₹67,000. He/She may remain as DM or may become Special Secretary of a government department.

    After completing 16 years of service, an IAS officer will be promoted to Super Time Scale with Grade Pay of 10000 in the scale of ₹37,400 – ₹67,000. The officer will get the post of Additional Secretary or Secretary of a department of a state government. In field posting, he/she may also become a Divisional Commissioner. In Central Government, based on seniority he/she can get posted as Joint Secretary of a ministry of the Government of India.

    After completing 25 years of service, an IAS officer will be promoted to Higher Administrative Grade in the scale of ₹67,000 – ₹79,000. The IAS officer gets to become a Principle Secretary of a department of a state government. In Central Government, the officer gets to become Additional Secretary of a ministry of the Government of India.

    After completing 30 years of service, an IAS officer will be promoted to Apex Scale with fixed basic of ₹80,000. The IAS officer gets to become a Chief Secretary of a department of a state government. In Central Government, the officer gets to become Secretary of a ministry of the Government of India.

    Cabinet Secretary Scale is the highest position of a government employee in India with fixed basic of ₹90,000. There is only one Cabinet Secretary in Central Government. There is also a state equivalent of this post called as Chief Secretary of a state government.

    During their service period in state government, an IAS officer will get opportunities to go for deputation to central government or PSU bodies or foreign countries.

    When on deputation outside India, an IAS officer can be employed in intergovernmental organisations like the World Bank (WB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), SAARC, the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the International Court of Justice, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies.

    Even NGOs with worldwide reputations like Red Cross Society or Ford Foundation seeks the expertise of IAS officers. The foreign postings are lucrative due to high salaries.

    Life of an IAS officer after retirement.

    IAS officers after retirement will get their pension amount every month, but they are not given any government accommodation.

    After retirement there is a mandatory 1 year cooling-off period from the date of retirement. Once the cooling-off period is over, an IAS officer can indulge in any private sector activity or join private sector jobs Soon after, he sought permission from the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), the cadre controlling authority for the IAS.

    IAS Exam Eligibility Criteria

    Nationality:

  • Candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • Candidate must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan.
  • Candidate must be a Tibetan Refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, to be settled permanently in India.
  • Candidate must be person of Indian Origin who has migrated from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaire, or Zambia with an intention of permanently settling in India.
  •  
    IAS Exam Educational Qualification:

  • Candidate must hold a Bachelor’s Degree from any of the recognized universities.
  • Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. Such candidates have to produce proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the Main Examination.
  • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government or its equivalent are also eligible to apply.
  •  
    Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned University that they have passed the final professional medical examination.

    IAS Exam Age Limit:

    A candidate should be minimum of 21 years and maximum 32 years old as on August 01, 2018. But he/she must have been born not earlier than August 02, 1986 and not later than August 01, 1997. Necessary action will take to make corresponding changes in respective Rules/Regulations pertaining to various services.

    The upper age limit prescribed above is relaxable for the following candidates:

  • 5 Years – Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST).
  • 3 Years – Other Backward Classes (OBC).
  • 3 Years – Defence Services personnel.
  • 5 Years – ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service as on August 01, 2018.
  • 5 Years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs.
  • 10 Years – Blind, deaf-mute, and orthopedically handicapped persons.
  • 5 Years – In the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August 2018 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.
  •  
    IAS Exam Number of attempts permitted:

    Restriction on the maximum number of attempts is effective since 1984:

  • For General Candidates: 7 attempts (Up to 32 Years).
  • Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Candidates (SC/ST): No Limits (Up to 37 Years).
  • Other Backward Classes (OBC): 9 attempts (Up to 35 Years).
  • Physically handicapped- 9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST.
  •  

    IAS Exam Syllabus

    Even though the exam is popularly known as IAS exam but it is officially known as UPSC Civil Services Exam.

    The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Exam Syllabus is divided into three categories, namely Preliminary, Mains and Interview.

    The syllabus of Preliminary exam is mainly designed to assess a candidate’s comprehension ability of current affairs and aptitude within the stipulated time. The preliminary paper is compulsory and is the qualifying paper.

    The syllabus of Main exam is basically designed to judge a candidate’s academic expertise in his/her specialised subject. The syllabus also focuses on testing the candidate’s ability to present his knowledge in a clear, crisp and coherent manner. The are 9 papers in main examination and the syllabus is designed according to the subjects specified.

    The Preliminary and Mains syllabus is designed for written test. Candidates, who pass both the Preliminary and Main examination will be eligible for appearing in the interview.

    IAS Exam Prelims Syllabus

    The Preliminary Examination for Civil Services Examination of Union Public Service Commission is also popularly called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The CSAT is actually the second paper of General Studies that was introduced in 2011.

    The preliminary examination of UPSC is for screening purpose only. The marks obtained in the UPSC prelims examination amount to a qualification to take the UPSC Main examination and will not be counted for determining a candidate’s final order of merit.

    Syllabus of Paper I (200 marks) Duration: 2 hours

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science
  •  
    Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) Duration: 2 hours

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  •  
    Note 1: The CSAT aptitude test or Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) examination will be a qualifying paper only with a minimum of 33% to be secured to sit for the Civil Services (Mains) exam.

    Note 2: The questions in both Paper-I (current affairs) and Paper-II (aptitude test) will be of multiple choice, objective type for 200 marks each and the time allotted for each paper is two hours

    Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he or she does not appear in both the papers of the (Prelims) exam.

    IAS Exam Mains Syllabus

    The Main examination of UPSC is designed to test a candidate’s academic expertise and ability to present his/her knowledge in a consistent manner. The UPSC Mains exam intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding of concept by the candidates.

    The Syllabus for UPSC Mains was revised in 2015.

    The Civil Services Main examination is designed to test the academic talent of the aspirant, also his/her ability to present his/ her knowledge in a clear, crisp and coherent manner.

    The written examination will consist of the following papers:

    Paper I – Modern Indian language – 300 Marks

    Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, Passing mandatory.

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essay.
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.
  •  
    Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

    Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).
     
    Paper II – English – 300 marks

    Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, passing mandatory.

    The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

    The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows: –

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essay.
  •  
    Paper III – Essay – 250 Marks

  • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice.
  • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.
  • The choice of subjects will be given.
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
  •  
    Paper IV – General Studies – I250 Marks

    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  •  
    Paper V – General Studies II – 250 Marks

    (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and.
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
  •  
    Paper VI – General Studies III – 250 Marks

    (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
  •  
    Paper VII – General Studies IV – 250 Marks

    (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.
  •  
    Paper VIII – Optional Subject – Paper I – 250 Marks

    Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

    Agriculture; Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science; Anthropology; Arabic; Botany; Chemistry; Civil Engineering; Commerce & Accountancy; Economics; Electrical Engineering; Geography; Geology; History; Law; Management; Mathematics; Mechanical Engineering; Medical Science; Philosophy; Physics; Political Science; Psychology; Public Administration; Sociology; Statistics; Zoology.

    Paper XI – Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

    Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

    Agriculture; Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science; Anthropology; Arabic; Botany; Chemistry; Civil Engineering; Commerce & Accountancy; Economics; Electrical Engineering; Geography; Geology; History; Law; Management; Mathematics; Mechanical Engineering; Medical Science; Philosophy; Physics; Political Science; Psychology; Public Administration; Sociology; Statistics; Zoology.
     
    Interview/Personality Test – 275 Marks

    Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

    Note: Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination Aspirants can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

    IAS Exam Pattern

    The pattern of Civil services examination has been designed to test the academic expertise of a candidate and that candidate’s ability to present himself/herself in a systematic and coherent manner. The examination pattern intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding level of the candidates.

    The UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted in two stages namely, Prelims and Mains, which are then followed by an interview.

    Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations are as follows:

    Preliminary Examination (400 Marks)

    (This is also called Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) and is a common test for all applicants)

  • The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each.
  • Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each.
  • The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in English.
  • Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper.
  •  
    Main Examination (2075 Marks)

  • Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for Main exam and on the basis of marks secured in Main exam, they will be called for Interview
  • The total marks of Main exam and Interview sum up to produce final result.
  •  
    The written examination consists of the following papers:

    PaperSubjectMarks
    Paper IOne of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidates from the Languages included in the eighth schedule of the constitution300 Marks
    Paper IIEnglish300 Marks
    Paper IIIEssay (Section 1)200 Marks
    English Comprehension and English Précis (Section 2)100 Marks
    Paper IVGeneral Studies-I250 Marks
    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
    Paper VGeneral Studies-II250 Marks
    (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
    Paper VIGeneral Studies-III250 Marks
    (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
    Paper VIIGeneral Studies-IV250 Marks
    (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
    Paper VIIIOptional Subject-Paper I250 Marks
    Paper IXOptional Subject-Paper II250 Marks
     Personality Test (Interview)275 Marks
    Grand Total2075 Marks

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